2 de out de 2013

Publicação - International Journal of Multiphase Flow

Interfacial-tension-force model for the wavy-stratified liquid–liquid flow pattern transition

The flow of two immiscible liquids is of common occurrence in a wide range of natural and industrial pro-cesses. The interest in liquid–liquid flow has recently increased mainly due to the petroleum industry, where oil and water are often transported together for long distances. In the current Brazilian offshore scenario, significant amount of water is being produced, and it tends to increase. The one-dimensional two-fluid model is used to model the wavy stratified liquid–liquid flow. A stability analysis is carried out, including the interfacial tension force and a single transition criterion is proposed. A new destabilizing term arises, which is a function of the cross-section curvature of the inter face. The existence of short interfacial waves is considered and the effect of a concave or convex cross-section interface shape is included in the analysis. It is shown that the new interfacial tension term plays an important role in regions of extreme in situ volume fractions. The kinematic wave theory is used to model the observed interfacial wave. New geometrical and kinematic wave data are used to validate the proposed model. Transition boundaries are drawn on flow maps of the superficial velocities and the agreement with present data and data from literature is encouraging. The results help to elucidate the actual nature of the typical wavy structure observed in stratified flow and can be used for the proposition of more accurate flow-pattern transition models.


Nenhum comentário:

Postar um comentário